English Literature

The Grandchildren of The Ghetto by Israel Zangwill

The Grandchildren of The Ghetto by Israel Zangwill.jpg

CHAPTER I

THE CHRISTMAS DINNER

Daintily-embroidered napery, beautiful porcelain, Queen Anne silver, exotic flowers, glittering glass, soft rosy light, creamy expanses of shirt-front, elegant low-necked dresses—all the conventional accompaniments of Occidental gastronomy.

It was not a large party. Mrs. Henry Goldsmith professed to collect guests on artistic principles, as she did bric-à-brac, and with an eye to general conversation. The elements of the social salad were sufficiently incongruous to-night, yet all the ingredients were Jewish.

For the history of the Grandchildren of the Ghetto, which is mainly a history of the middle classes, is mainly a history of isolation. ‘The Upper Ten’ is a literal phrase in Judah, whose aristocracy just about suffices for a synagogue quorum. Great majestic luminaries, each with its satellites, they swim serenely in the golden heavens. And the middle classes look up in worship, and the lower classes in supplication. ‘The Upper Ten’ have no spirit of exclusiveness; they are willing to entertain royalty, rank, and the arts with a catholic hospitality that is only Eastern in its magnificence, while some of them remain Jews only for fear of being considered snobs by society. But the middle-class Jew has been more jealous of his caste, and for caste reasons. To exchange hospitalities [4]with the Christian when you cannot eat his dinners were to get the worst of the bargain; to invite his sons to your house when they cannot marry your daughters were to solicit awkward complications. In business, in civic affairs, in politics, the Jew has mixed freely with his fellow-citizens; but indiscriminate social relations only become possible through a religious decadence which they in turn accelerate. A Christian in a company of middle-class Jews is like a lion in a den of Daniels. They show him deference and their prophetic side.

Mrs. Henry Goldsmith was of the upper middle classes, and her husband was the financial representative of the Kensington Synagogue at the United Council; but her swan-like neck was still bowed beneath the yoke of North London, not to say provincial, Judaism. So to-night there were none of those external indications of Christmas which are so frequent at ‘good’ Jewish houses—no plum-pudding, snap-dragon, mistletoe, not even a Christmas-tree. For Mrs. Henry Goldsmith did not countenance these coquettings with Christianity. She would have told you that the incidence of her dinner on Christmas Eve was merely an accident, though a lucky accident, in so far as Christmas found Jews perforce at leisure for social gatherings. What she was celebrating was the Feast of Chanukah—of the re-dedication of the Temple after the pollutions of Antiochus Epiphanes—and the memory of the national hero, Judas Maccabæus. Christmas crackers would have been incompatible with the Chanukah candles which the housekeeper, Mary O’Reilly, forced her master to light, and would have shocked that devout old dame. For Mary O’Reilly, as good a soul as she was a Catholic, had lived all her life with Jews, assisting while yet a girl in the kitchen of Henry Goldsmith’s father, who was a pattern of ancient piety and a prop of the Great Synagogue. When the father died, Mary, with all the other family belongings, passed into the hands of the son, who came up to London from a provincial town, and, with a grateful recollection of her motherliness, domiciled her in his own establishment. Mary knew all the ritual laws and ceremonies far better than her new mistress, who, although a [5]native of the provincial town in which Mr. Henry Goldsmith had established a thriving business, had received her education at a Brussels boarding-school. Mary knew exactly how long to keep the meat in salt, and the heinousness of frying steaks in butter. She knew that the fire must not be poked on the Sabbath, nor the gas lit or extinguished, and that her master must not smoke till three stars appeared in the sky. She knew when the family must fast, and when and how it must feast. She knew all the Hebrew and Jargon expressions which her employers studiously boycotted, and she was the only member of the household who used them habitually in her intercourse with the other members. Too late the Henry Goldsmiths awoke to the consciousness of her tyranny, which did not permit them to be irreligious even in private. In the fierce light which beats upon a provincial town with only one synagogue, they had been compelled to conform outwardly with many galling restrictions, and they had subconsciously looked forward to emancipation in the mighty Metropolis. But Mary had such implicit faith in their piety, and was so zealous in the practice of her own faith, that they had not the courage to confess that they scarcely cared a pin about a good deal of that for which she was so solicitous. They hesitated to admit that they did not respect their religion (or what she thought was their religion) as much as she did hers. It would have equally lowered them in her eyes to admit that their religion was not so good as hers, besides being disrespectful to the cherished memory of her ancient master. At first they had deferred to Mary’s Jewish prejudices out of good-nature and carelessness, but every day strengthened her hold upon them; every act of obedience to the ritual law was a tacit acknowledgment of its sanctity, which made it more and more difficult to disavow its obligation. The dread of shocking Mary came to dominate their lives, and the fashionable house near Kensington Gardens was still a veritable centre of true Jewish orthodoxy, with little to make old Aaron Goldsmith turn in his grave.

It is probable, though, that Mrs. Henry Goldsmith would have kept a kosher table even if Mary had never been [6]born. Many of their acquaintances and relatives were of an orthodox turn. A kosher dinner could be eaten even by the heterodox, whereas a tripha dinner choked off the orthodox. Thus it came about that even the Rabbinate might safely stoke its spiritual fires at Mrs. Henry Goldsmith’s.

Hence, too, the prevalent craving for a certain author’s blood could not be gratified at Mrs. Henry Goldsmith’s Chanukah dinner. Besides, nobody knew where to lay hands upon Edward Armitage, the author in question, whose opprobrious production Mordecai Josephs, had scandalised West-End Judaism.

‘Why didn’t he describe our circle?’ asked the hostess, an angry fire in her beautiful eyes. ‘It would have at least corrected the picture. As it is, the public will fancy that we are all daubed with the same brush—that we have no thought in life beyond dress, money and solo-whist.’

‘He probably painted the life he knew,’ said Sidney Graham, in defence.

‘Then I am sorry for him,’ retorted Mrs. Goldsmith. ‘It’s a great pity he had such detestable acquaintances. Of course, he has cut himself off from the possibility of any better now.’

The wavering flush on her lovely face darkened with disinterested indignation, and her beautiful bosom heaved with judicial grief.

‘I should hope so,’ put in Miss Cissy Levine sharply. She was a pale, bent woman, with spectacles, who believed in the mission of Israel, and wrote domestic novels to prove that she had no sense of humour. ‘No one has a right to foul his own nest. Are there not plenty of subjects for the Jew’s pen without his attacking his own people? The calumniator of his race should be ostracised from decent society.’

‘As according to him there is none,’ laughed Sidney Graham, ‘I cannot see where the punishment comes in.’

‘Oh, he may say so in that book,’ said Mrs. Montagu Samuels, an amiable, loose-thinking lady of florid complexion, who dabbled exasperatingly in her husband’s philanthropic concerns from a vague idea that the wife [7]of a committee-man is a committee-woman. ‘But he knows better.’

‘Yes, indeed,’ said Mr. Montagu Samuels. ‘The rascal has only written it to make money. He knows it’s all exaggeration and distortion. But anything spicy pays nowadays.’

‘As a West Indian merchant, he ought to know,’ murmured Sidney Graham to his charming cousin, Adelaide Leon.

The girl’s soft eyes twinkled as she surveyed the serious little City magnate with his placid spouse. Montagu Samuels was narrow-minded and narrow-chested, and managed to be pompous on a meagre allowance of body. He was earnest and charitable (except in religious wrangles, when he was earnest and uncharitable), and knew himself a pillar of the community, an exemplar to the drones and sluggards who shirked their share of public burdens and were callous to the dazzlement of communal honours.

‘Of course it was written for money, Monty,’ his brother, Percy Saville, the stockbroker, reminded him. ‘What else do authors write for? It’s the way they earn their living.’

Strangers found difficulty in understanding the fraternal relation of Percy Saville and Montagu Samuels, and did not readily grasp that Percy Saville was an Anglican version of Pizer Samuels, more in tune with the handsome, well-dressed personality it denoted. Montagu had stuck loyally to his colours, but Pizer had drooped under the burden of carrying his patronymic through the theatrical and artistic circles he favoured after business hours. Of such is the brotherhood of Israel.

‘The whole book’s written with gall,’ went on Percy Saville emphatically. ‘I suppose the man couldn’t get into good Jewish houses, and he’s revenged himself by slandering them.’

‘Then he ought to have got into good Jewish houses,’ said Sidney. ‘The man has talent, nobody can deny that, and if he couldn’t get into good Jewish society because he didn’t have money enough, isn’t that proof enough his picture is true?’

[8]‘I don’t deny that there are people among us who make money the one Open Sesame to their houses,’ said Mrs. Henry Goldsmith magnanimously.

‘Deny it, indeed! Money is the Open Sesame to everything,’ rejoined Sidney Graham, delightedly scenting an opening for a screed. He liked to talk bombshells, and did not often get pillars of the community to shatter. ‘Money manages the schools and the charities and the synagogues, and indirectly controls the press. A small body of persons—always the same—sits on all councils, on all boards! Why? Because they pay the piper.’

‘Well, sir, and is not that a good reason?’ asked Montagu Samuels. ‘The community is to be congratulated on having a few public-spirited men left in days when there are wealthy German Jews in our midst who not only disavow Judaism, but refuse to support its institutions. But, Mr. Graham, I would join issue with you. The men you allude to are elected, not because they are rich, but because they are good men of business, and most of the work to be done is financial.’

‘Exactly,’ said Sidney Graham in sinister agreement. ‘I have always maintained that the United Synagogue could be run as a joint-stock company for the sake of a dividend, and that there wouldn’t be an atom of difference in the discussions if the councillors were directors. I do believe the pillars of the community figure the Millennium as a time when every Jew shall have enough to eat, a place to worship in, and a place to be buried in. Their State Church is simply a financial system, to which the doctrines of Judaism happen to be tacked on. How many of the councillors believe in their established religion? Why, the very beadles of their synagogues are prone to surreptitious shrimps and unobtrusive oysters! Then take that institution for supplying kosher meat. I am sure there are lots of its committee who never inquire into the necrologies of their own chops and steaks, and who regard kitchen Judaism as obsolete; but, all the same, they look after the finances with almost fanatical zeal. Finance fascinates them. Long after Judaism has ceased to exist, excellent gentlemen will be found regulating its finances.’

[9]There was that smile on the faces of the graver members of the party which arises from reluctance to take a dangerous speaker seriously.

Sidney Graham was one of those favourites of society who are allowed Touchstone’s licence. He had just as little wish to reform, and just as much wish to abuse, society as society has to be reformed and abused. He was a dark, bright-eyed young artist with a silky moustache. He had lived much in Paris, where he studied impressionism and perfected his natural talent for causerie, and his inborn preference for the hedonistic view of life. Fortunately he had plenty of money, for he was a cousin of Raphael Leon on the mother’s side, and the remotest twigs of the Leon genealogical tree bear apples of gold. His real name was Abrahams, which is a shade too Semitic. Sidney was the black sheep of the family—good-natured to the core, and artistic to the finger-tips, he was an avowed infidel in a world where avowal is the unpardonable sin. He did not even pretend to fast on the Day of Atonement. Still, Sidney Graham was a good deal talked of in artistic circles, his name was often in the newspapers, and so more orthodox people than Mrs. Henry Goldsmith were not averse to having him at their table, though they would have shrunk from being seen at his. Even Cousin Addie, who had a charming religious cast of mind, liked to be with him, though she ascribed this to family piety—for there is a wonderful solidarity about many Jewish families, the richer members of which assemble loyally at one another’s births, marriages, funerals, and card-parties, often to the entire exclusion of outsiders. An ordinary well-regulated family (so prolific is the stream of life) will include in its bosom ample elements for every occasion.

‘Really, Mr. Graham, I think you are wrong about the kosher meat,’ said Mr. Henry Goldsmith. ‘Our statistics show no falling off in the number of bullocks killed, while there is a rise of two per cent. in the sheep slaughtered. No, Judaism is in a far more healthy condition than pessimists imagine. So far from sacrificing our ancient faith, we are learning to see how tuberculosis lurks in the lungs [10]of unexamined carcases and is communicated to the consumer. As for the members of the ShechitahBoard not eating Kosher, look at me.’

The only person who looked at the host was the hostess. Her look was one of approval—it could not be of æsthetic approval, like the look Percy Saville devoted to herself, for her husband was a cadaverous little man with prominent ears and teeth.

‘And if Mr. Graham should ever join us on the Council of the United Synagogue,’ added Montagu Samuels, addressing the table generally, ‘he will discover that there is no communal problem with which we do not loyally grapple.’

‘No, thank you,’ said Sidney with a shudder. ‘When I visit Raphael, I sometimes pick up a Jewish paper and amuse myself by reading the debates of your public bodies. I understand most of your verbiage is edited away,’ he looked Montagu Samuels full in the face, with audacious naïveté; ‘but there is enough left to show that our monotonous group of public men consists of narrow-minded mediocrities. The chief public work they appear to do, outside finance, is, when public exams. fall on Sabbaths or holidays, getting special dates for Jewish candidates, to whom these examinations are the avenues to atheism. They never see the joke. How can they? Why, they take even themselves seriously.’

‘Oh, come!’ said Miss Cissy Levine indignantly. ‘You often see “laughter” in the reports.’

‘That must mean the speaker was laughing,’ explained Sidney, ‘for you never see anything to make the audience laugh. I appeal to Mr. Montagu Samuels.’

‘It is useless discussing a subject with a man who admittedly speaks without knowledge,’ replied that gentleman with dignity.

‘Well, how do you expect me to get the knowledge?’ grumbled Sidney. ‘You exclude the public from your gatherings—I suppose to prevent them rubbing shoulders with the swells, the privilege of being snubbed by whom is the reward of public service. Wonderfully practical idea that—to utilise snobbery as a communal force! The [11]United Synagogue is founded on it. Your community coheres through it.’

‘There you are scarcely fair,’ said the hostess, with a charming smile of reproof. ‘Of course there are snobs amongst us, but is it not the same in all sects?’

‘Emphatically not,’ said Sidney. ‘If one of our swells sticks to a shred of Judaism, people seem to think the God of Judah should be thankful; and if he goes to synagogue once or twice a year, it is regarded as a particular condescension to the Creator.’

‘The mental attitude you caricature is not so snobbish as it seems,’ said Raphael Leon, breaking into the conversation for the first time. ‘The temptations to the wealthy and the honoured to desert their struggling brethren are manifold, and sad experience has made our race accustomed to the loss of its brightest sons.’

‘Thanks for the compliment, fair coz,’ said Sidney, not without a complacent cynical pleasure in the knowledge that Raphael spoke truly, that he owed his own immunity from the obligations of the faith to his artistic success, and that the outside world was disposed to accord him a larger charter of morality on the same grounds. ‘But if you can only deny nasty facts by accounting for them, I dare say Mr. Armitage’s book will afford you ample opportunities for explanation. Or have Jews the brazenness to assert it is all invention?’

‘No; no one would do that,’ said Percy Saville, who had just done it. ‘Certainly, there is a good deal of truth in the sketch of the ostentatious, over-dressed Johnsons, who, as everybody knows, are meant for the Jonases.’

‘Oh yes,’ said Mrs. Henry Goldsmith. ‘And it’s quite evident that the stockbroker who drops half his h’s, and all his poor acquaintances, and believes in one Lord, is no other than Joel Friedman.’

‘And the house where people drive up in broughams for supper and solo-whist after the theatre is the Davises’, in Maida Vale,’ said Miss Cissy Levine.

‘Yes, the book’s true enough,’ began Mrs. Montagu Samuels. She stopped suddenly, catching her husband’s eye, and the colour heightened on her florid cheek. ‘What [12]I say is,’ she concluded awkwardly, ‘he ought to have come among us, and shown the world a picture of the cultured Jews.’

‘Quite so, quite so!’ said the hostess. Then, turning to the tall, thoughtful-looking young man who had hitherto contributed but one remark to the conversation, she said, half in sly malice, half to draw him out: ‘Now you, Mr. Leon, whose culture is certified by our leading University, what do you think of this latest portrait of the Jew?’

‘I don’t know; I haven’t read it,’ replied Raphael apologetically.

‘No more have I,’ murmured the table generally.

‘I wouldn’t touch it with a pitchfork,’ said Miss Cissy Levine.

‘I think it’s a shame they circulate it at the libraries,’ said Mrs. Montagu Samuels. ‘I just glanced over it at Mrs. Hugh Marston’s house. It’s vile. There are actually Jargon words in it. Such vulgarity!’

‘Shameful!’ murmured Percy Saville; ‘Mr. Lazarus was telling me about it. It’s plain treachery and disloyalty, this putting of weapons into the hands of our enemies. Of course we have our faults, but we should be told of them privately or from the pulpit.’

‘That would be just as efficacious,’ said Sidney admiringly.

‘More efficacious,’ said Percy Saville unsuspiciously. ‘A preacher speaks with authority, but this penny-a-liner——’

‘With truth?’ queried Sidney.

Saville stopped, disgusted, and the hostess answered Sidney half coaxingly.

‘Oh, I am sure you can’t think that. The book is so one-sided. Not a word about our generosity, our hospitality, our domesticity—the thousand and one good traits all the world allows us.’

‘Of course not; since all the world allows them, it was unnecessary,’ said Sidney.

‘I wonder the Chief Rabbi doesn’t stop it,’ said Mrs. Montagu Samuels.

[13]‘My dear, how can he?’ inquired her husband. ‘He has no control over the publishing trade.’

‘He ought to talk to the man,’ persisted Mrs. Samuels.

‘But we don’t even know who he is,’ said Percy Saville; ‘probably “Edward Armitage” is only a nom de plume. You’d be surprised to learn the real names of some of the literary celebrities I meet about.’

‘Oh, if he’s a Jew you may be sure it isn’t his real name,’ laughed Sidney. It was characteristic of him that he never spared a shot, even when himself hurt by the kick of the gun. Percy coloured slightly, unmollified by being in the same boat with the satirist.

‘I have never seen the name in the subscription lists,’ said the hostess with ready tact.

‘There is an Armitage who subscribes two guineas a year to the Board of Guardians,’ said Mrs. Montagu Samuels. ‘But his Christian name is George.’

‘”Christian” name is distinctly good for “George,”‘ murmured Sidney.

‘There was an Armitage who sent a cheque to the Russian Fund,’ said Mr. Henry Goldsmith; ‘but that can’t be an author: it was quite a large cheque!’

‘I am sure I have seen Armitage among the Births, Marriages, and Deaths,’ said Miss Cissy Levine.

‘How well read they all are in the national literature!’ Sidney murmured to Addie.

Indeed, the sectarian advertisements served to knit the race together, counteracting the unravelling induced by the fashionable dispersion of Israel, and waxing the more important as the other links, the old traditional jokes, bywords, ceremonies, card-games, prejudices, and tunes, which are more important than laws and more cementatory than ideals, were disappearing before the over-zealousness of a parvenu refinement that had not yet attained to self-confidence. The Anglo-Saxon stolidity of the West-End synagogue service, on week days entirely given over to paid praying-men, was a typical expression of the universal tendency to exchange the picturesque primitiveness of the Orient for the sobrieties of fashionable civilisation. When Jeshurun waxed fat, he did not [14]always kick, but he yearned to approximate as much as possible to John Bull without merging in him; to sink himself and yet not be absorbed—not to be, and yet to be. The attempt to realise the asymptote in human mathematics was not quite successful, too near an approach to John Bull generally assimilating Jeshurun away. For such is the nature of Jeshurun. Enfranchise him, give him his own way, and you make a new man of him; persecute him, and he is himself again.

‘But if nobody has read the man’s book,’ Raphael Leon ventured to interrupt at last, ‘is it quite fair to assume his book isn’t fit to read?’

The shy dark little girl he had taken down to dinner darted an appreciative glance at her neighbour. It was in accordance with Raphael’s usual anxiety to give the devil his due that he should be unwilling to condemn even the writer of an anti-Semitic novel unheard. But, then, it was an open secret in the family that Raphael was mad. They did their best to hush it up, but among themselves they pitied him behind his back. Even Sidney considered his cousin Raphael pushed a dubious virtue too far, in treating people’s very prejudices with the deference due to earnest, reasoned opinions.

‘But we know enough of the book to know we are badly treated,’ protested the hostess.

‘We have always been badly treated in literature,’ said Raphael. ‘We are made either angels or devils. On the one hand, Lessing and George Eliot; on the other, the stock dramatist and novelist, with their low-comedy villain.’

‘Oh!’ said Mrs. Goldsmith doubtfully, for she could not quite think Raphael had become infected by his cousin’s propensity for paradox. ‘Do you think George Eliot and Lessing didn’t understand the Jewish character?’

‘They are the only writers who have ever understood it,’ affirmed Miss Cissy Levine emphatically.

A little scornful smile played for a second about the mouth of the dark little girl.

‘Stop a moment,’ said Sidney. ‘I’ve been so busy doing justice to this delicious asparagus that I have [15]allowed Raphael to imagine nobody here has read Mordecai Josephs. I have, and I say there is more actuality in it than in Daniel Deronda and Nathan der Weise put together. It is a crude production, all the same; the writer’s artistic gift seems handicapped by a dead weight of moral platitudes and high falutin, and even mysticism. He not only presents his characters, but moralises over them—actually cares whether they are good or bad, and has yearnings after the indefinable. It is all very young. Instead of being satisfied that Judæa gives him characters that are interesting, he actually laments their lack of culture. Still, what he has done is good enough to make one hope his artistic instinct will shake off his moral.’

‘Oh, Sidney, what are you saying?’ murmured Addie.

‘It’s all right, little girl. You don’t understand Greek.’

‘It’s not Greek,’ put in Raphael. ‘In Greek art beauty of soul and beauty of form are one. It’s French you are talking, though the ignorant ateliers where you picked it up flatter themselves it’s Greek.’

‘It’s Greek to Addie, anyhow,’ laughed Sidney. ‘But that’s what makes the anti-Semitic chapters so unsatisfactory.’

‘We all felt their unsatisfactoriness, if we could not analyse it so cleverly,’ said the hostess.

‘We all felt it,’ said Mrs. Montagu Samuels.

‘Yes, that’s it,’ said Sidney blandly. ‘I could have forgiven the rose-colour of the picture if it had been more artistically painted.’

‘Rose-colour!’ gasped Mrs. Henry Goldsmith.

Rose-colour indeed! Not even Sidney’s authority could persuade the table into that.

Poor rich Jews! The upper middle classes had every excuse for being angry. They knew they were excellent persons, well educated and well travelled, interested in charities (both Jewish and Christian), people’s concerts, district-visiting, new novels, magazines, reading circles, operas, symphonies, politics, volunteer regiments, Show Sunday and Corporation banquets; that they had sons at Rugby and Oxford, and daughters who played and painted and sang, and homes that were bright oases of [16]optimism in a jaded society; that they were good Liberals and Tories, supplementing their duties as Englishmen with a solicitude for the best interests of Judaism; that they left no stone unturned to emancipate themselves from the secular thraldom of prejudice; and they felt it very hard that a little vulgar section should always be chosen by their own novelists, and their efforts to raise the tone of Jewish society passed by.

Sidney, whose conversation always had the air of aloofness from the race, so that his own foibles often came under the lash of his sarcasm, proceeded to justify his assertion of the rose-colour picture in Mordecai Josephs. He denied that modern English Jews had any religion whatever, claiming that their faith consisted of forms that had to be kept up in public, but which they were too shrewd and cute to believe in or to practise in private, though every one might believe every one else did; that they looked upon due payment of their synagogue bills as discharging all their obligations to Heaven; that the preachers secretly despised the old formulas, and that the Rabbinate declared its intention of dying for Judaism only as a way of living by it; that the body politic was dead and rotten with hypocrisy, though the augurs said it was alive and well. He admitted that the same was true of Christianity. Raphael reminded him that a number of Jews had drifted quite openly from the traditional teaching, that thousands of well-ordered households found inspiration and spiritual satisfaction in every form of it, and that hypocrisy was too crude a word for the complex motives of those who obeyed it without inner conviction.

‘For instance,’ said he, ‘a gentleman said to me the other day—I was much touched by the expression—”I believe with my father’s heart.”‘

‘It is a good epigram,’ said Sidney, impressed. ‘But what is to be said of a rich community which recruits its clergy from the lowest classes? The method of election by competitive performance—common as it is, among poor Dissenters—emphasises the subjection of the shepherd to his flock. You catch your ministers young—when [17]they are saturated with suppressed scepticism—and bribe them with small salaries that seem affluence to the sons of poor immigrants. That the ministry is not an honourable profession may be seen from the anxiety of the minister to raise his children in the social scale by bringing them up to some other line of business.’

‘That is true,’ said Raphael gravely. ‘Our wealthy families must be induced to devote a son each to the synagogue.’

‘I wish they would,’ said Sidney. ‘At present every second man is a lawyer. We ought to have more officers and doctors, too. I like those old Jews who smote the Philistines hip and thigh—it is not good for a race to run all to brain—I suppose, though, we had to develop cunning to survive at all. There was an enlightened minister whose Friday evenings I used to go to when a youth—delightful talk we had there, too; you know whom I mean. Well, one of his sons is a solicitor, and the other a stockbroker. The rich men he preached to helped to place his sons. He was a charming man, but imagine him preaching to them the truths in Mordecai Josephs, as Mr. Saville suggested.’

Our minister lets us have it hot enough, though,’ said Mr. Henry Goldsmith, with a guffaw.

His wife hastened to obliterate the unrefined expression.

‘Mr. Strelitski is a wonderfully eloquent young man, so quiet and reserved in society, but like an ancient prophet in the pulpit.’

‘Yes, we were very lucky to get him,’ said Mr. Henry Goldsmith.

The little dark girl shuddered.

‘What is the matter?’ asked Raphael softly.

‘I don’t know. I don’t like the Rev. Joseph Strelitski. He is eloquent, but his dogmatism irritates me. I don’t believe he is sincere. He doesn’t like me either.’

‘Oh, you’re both wrong,’ he said in concern.

‘Strelitski is a draw, I admit,’ said Mr. Montagu Samuels, who was the President of a rival synagogue. ‘But Rosenbaum is a good pull-down on the other side, eh?’

[18]Mr. Henry Goldsmith groaned. The second minister of the Kensington synagogue was the scandal of the community. He wasn’t expected to preach, and he didn’t practise.

‘I’ve heard of that man,’ said Sidney, laughing. ‘He’s a bit of a gambler and a spendthrift, isn’t he? Why do you keep him on?’

‘He has a fine voice, you see,’ said Mr. Goldsmith. ‘That makes a Rosenbaum faction at once. Then he has a wife and family; that makes another.’

‘Strelitski isn’t married, is he?’ asked Sidney.

‘No,’ said Mr. Goldsmith; ‘not yet. The congregation expect him to, though. I don’t care to give him the hint myself, he is a little queer sometimes.’

‘He owes it to his position,’ said Miss Cissy Levine.

‘That is what we think,’ said Mrs. Henry Goldsmith, with the majestic manner that suited her opulent beauty.

‘I wish we had him in our synagogue,’ said Raphael. ‘Michaels is a well-meaning, worthy man, but he is dreadfully dull.’

‘Poor Raphael!’ said Sidney. ‘Why did you abolish the old style of minister who had to slaughter the sheep? Now the minister reserves all his powers of destruction for his own flock.’

‘I have given him endless hints to preach only once a month,’ said Mr. Montagu Samuels dolefully. ‘But every Saturday our hearts sink as we see him walk to the pulpit.’

‘You see, Addie, how a sense of duty makes a man criminal,’ said Sidney. ‘Isn’t Michaels the minister who defends orthodoxy in a way that makes the orthodox rage over his unconscious heresies, while the heterodox enjoy themselves by looking out for his historical and grammatical blunders?’

‘Poor man! he works hard,’ said Raphael gently. ‘Let him be.’

Over the dessert the conversation turned by way of the Rev. Strelitski’s marriage to the growing willingness of the younger generation to marry out of Judaism. The [19]table discerned in intermarriage the beginning of the end.

‘But why postpone the inevitable?’ asked Sidney calmly. ‘What is this mania for keeping up an effeteism? Are we to cripple our lives for the sake of a word? It’s all romantic fudge, the idea of perpetual isolation. You get into little cliques, and mistake narrow-mindedness for fidelity to an ideal. I can live for months and forget there are such beings as Jews in the world. I have floated down the Nile in a dahabiya while you were beating your breasts in the synagogue, and the palm-trees and the pelicans knew nothing of your sacrosanct chronological crisis, your annual epidemic of remorse.’

The table thrilled with horror, without, however, quite believing in the speaker’s wickedness. Addie looked troubled.

‘A man and wife of different religions can never know true happiness,’ said the hostess.

‘Granted,’ retorted Sidney. ‘But why shouldn’t Jews without Judaism marry Christians without Christianity? Must a Jew needs have a Jewess to help him break the Law?’

‘Intermarriage must not be tolerated,’ said Raphael. ‘It would hurt us less if we had a country. Lacking that, we must preserve our human boundaries.’

‘You have good phrases sometimes,’ admitted Sidney. ‘But why must we preserve any boundaries? Why must we exist at all as a separate people?’

‘To fulfil the mission of Israel,’ said Mr. Montagu Samuels solemnly.

‘Ah, what is that? That is one of the things nobody ever seems able to tell me.’

‘We are God’s witnesses,’ said Mrs. Henry Goldsmith, snipping off for herself a little bunch of hot-house grapes.

‘False witnesses mostly, then,’ said Sidney. ‘A Christian friend of mine, an artist, fell in love with a girl and courted her regularly at her house for four years. Then he proposed; she told him to ask her father, and he then learnt for the first time that the family was Jewish, and his suit could not therefore be entertained. [20]Could a satirist have invented anything funnier? Whatever it was Jews have to bear witness to, these people had been bearing witness to so effectually that a constant visitor never heard a word of the evidence during four years. And this family is not an exception; it is a type. Abroad the English Jew keeps his Judaism in the background, at home in the back kitchen. When he travels, his Judaism is not packed up among his impedimenta. He never obtrudes his creed, and even his Jewish newspaper is sent to him in a wrapper labelled something else. How’s that for witnesses? Mind you, I’m not blaming the men, being one of ’em. They may be the best fellows going, honourable, high-minded, generous—why expect them to be martyrs more than other Englishmen? Isn’t life hard enough without inventing a new hardship? I declare there’s no narrower creature in the world than your idealist; he sets up a moral standard which suits his own line of business, and rails at men of the world for not conforming to it. God’s witnesses, indeed! I say nothing of those who are rather the devil’s witnesses, but think of the host of Jews like myself who, whether they marry Christians or not, simply drop out, and whose absence of all religion escapes notice in the medley of creeds. We no more give evidence than those old Spanish Jews—Marannos they were called, weren’t they?—who wore the Christian mask for generations. Practically many of us are Marannos still—I don’t mean the Jews who are on the stage, and the press, and all that, but the Jews who have gone on believing. One Day of Atonement I amused myself by noting the pretexts on the shutters of shops that were closed in the Strand. “Our annual holiday,” “Stocktaking day,” “Our annual beanfeast,” “Closed for repairs.”‘

‘Well, it’s something if they keep the Fast at all,’ said Mr. Henry Goldsmith. ‘It shows spirituality is not dead in them.’

‘Spirituality!’ sneered Sidney. ‘Sheer superstition, rather. A dread of thunderbolts. Besides, fasting is a sensuous attraction. But for the fasting, the Day of Atonement would have long since died out for these [21]men. “Our annual beanfeast”! There’s witnesses for you!’

‘We cannot help it if we have false witnesses among us,’ said Raphael Leon quietly. ‘Our mission is to spread the truth of the Torah till the earth is filled with the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea.’

‘But we don’t spread it.’

‘We do. Christianity and Mohammedanism are offshoots of Judaism; through them we have won the world from paganism, and taught it that God is one with the moral law.’

‘Then we are somewhat in the position of an ancient schoolmaster lagging superfluous in the schoolroom, where his whilom pupils are teaching.’

‘By no means. Rather of one who stays on to protest against the false additions of his whilom pupils.’

‘But we don’t protest.’

‘Our mere existence, since the Dispersion, is a protest,’ urged Raphael. ‘When the stress of persecution lightens, we may protest more consciously. We cannot have been preserved in vain through so many centuries of horrors, through the invasions of the Goths and Huns, through the Crusades, through the Holy Roman Empire, through the times of Torquemada. It is not for nothing that a handful of Jews loom so large in the history of the world, that their past is bound up with every noble human effort, every high ideal, every development of science, literature, and art. The ancient faith that has united us so long must not be lost just as it is on the very eve of surviving the faiths that sprung from it, even as it has survived Egypt, Assyria, Rome, Greece, and the Moors. If any of us fancy we have lost it, let us keep together still. Who knows but that it will be born again in us, if we are only patient? Race affinity is a potent force, why be in a hurry to dissipate it? The Marannos you speak of were but maimed heroes, yet one day the olden flame burst through the layers of three generations of Christian profession and intermarriage, and a brilliant company of illustrious Spaniards threw up their positions and sailed away in voluntary exile to serve the God of Israel. We [22]shall yet see a spiritual revival even among our brilliant English Jews who have hid their face from their own flesh.’

The dark little girl looked up into his face with ill-suppressed wonder.

‘Have you done preaching at me, Raphael?’ inquired Sidney. ‘If so, pass me a banana.’

Raphael smiled sadly and obeyed.

‘I’m afraid if I see much of Raphael I shall be converted to Judaism,’ said Sidney, peeling the banana. ‘I had better take a hansom to the Riviera at once. I intended to spend Christmas there; I never dreamt I should be talking theology in London.’

‘Oh, I think Christmas in London is best,’ said the hostess unguardedly.

‘Oh, I don’t know. Give me Brighton,’ said the host.

‘Well, yes, I suppose Brighton is pleasanter,’ said Mr. Montagu Samuels.

‘Oh, but so many Jews go there,’ observed Percy Saville.

‘Yes, that is the drawback,’ said Mrs. Henry Goldsmith. ‘Do you know, some years ago I discovered a delightful village in Devonshire, and took the household there in the summer. The very next year when I went down I found no less than two Jewish families temporarily located there. Of course I have never gone there since.’

‘Yes, it’s wonderful how Jews scent out all the nicest places,’ agreed Mrs. Montagu Samuels. ‘Five years ago you could escape them by not going to Ramsgate; now even the Highlands are getting impossible.’

Thereupon the hostess rose and the ladies retired to the drawing-room, leaving the gentlemen to discuss coffee, cigars, and the paradoxes of Sidney, who, tired of religion, looked to dumb-show plays for the salvation of dramatic literature.

There was a little milk-jug on the coffee-tray. It represented a victory over Mary O’Reilly. The late Aaron Goldsmith never took milk till six hours after meat, and it was with some trepidation that the present Mr. [23]Goldsmith ordered it to be sent up one evening after dinner. He took an early opportunity of explaining apologetically to Mary that some of his guests were not so pious as himself, and hospitality demanded the concession.

Mr. Henry Goldsmith did not like his coffee black. His dinner-table was hardly ever without a guest.

Advertisements

Categories: English Literature

Tagged as: ,

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s